Saturday, July 16, 2011

World's Best Telescope and Observatory

World's Best Telescope and Observatory


Here are the list of the most top telescope and observatory in the world. A telescope is an instrument designed for the observation of remote objects by the collection of electromagnetic radiation. While a radio telescope is a form of directional radio antenna used in radio astronomy. Here are the list of the top telescope and observation in the world.



10. Gemini Observatory



Two eyes are better than one. Twin optical or infrared telescope, Gemini Observatory is separate, but together, they can access the entire sky. Gemini South is located approximately 9000 meters of the Andes of Chile, Gemini North is at the top of Mauna Kea, home to an international community of telescopes peering into the night sky, through a very good atmosphere of Hawaii.



9. European Southern Observatory





The telescope with length 3.5 m , is the first telescope in the world who have primary mirrors that are controlled by computers. Even amateurs now have the technology field. Together with ESO telescopes in the Atacama Desert in Chile, also including the Very Large Telescope array, the major observatories in Europe. ESO is also home to several millimeters in Europe Atacama Large / sub-millimeter Array, known as ALMA, a collaboration between North America with East Asia and Chile. ALMA will be The Biggest Earth Observatory, Radio Astronomy Observatory and the most advanced in the world. Which brings us to the next higher Observatory.




8. National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO) 



Some sites, including the Green Bank Telescope Observatory, Very Large Array (pictured), the base sets are very large and the future of U.S. ALMA. Recently, scientists have used the Green Bank data for the frequency of molecules in interstellar space. 




7. Chandra/Spitzer Space Telescopes



One of NASA’s famous observatory (other than the Hubble Space Telescope) has offered a glimpse of the universe that can not be seen. Elliptical orbit of the Chandra X-Ray Observatory, which led her away from Earth, providing a better view of the high-energy regions of space, like a supernova.



6. Corot/Kepler Space Telescopes



NASA’s Kepler Telescope launched in last month, and clean it this week, so it can begin to make observations. One in France and one in America.



5. W. M. Keck Observatory



Keck’s twin 10-meter, eight-story, 300-ton telescopes. Each primary mirror consists of 36 hexagonal segments that work together as a single piece of glass – a revolutionary technique that enables the achievement of a large mirror. They have helped the scientists made some startling discoveries: the existence of galaxies at the edge of the universe, studying supernovae to determine the rate of expansion of the universe, the nature of gamma-ray peak and, recently, planets around other stars.



4. Mount Wilson Observatory



From the donkey cart that is used to carry a 60-inch mirror to the top of the mountain. Mount Wilson is the evolution of modern observatories, and one of the most important place in scientific history. George Ellery Hale’s 60-inch, which is no longer used for research, this study will be used for spectral classification of stars, which are the foundation of modern astronomy. 60-inch Hale Telescope is the largest in the world 100 years ago, but within 10 years, replaced by 100-inch scope next. Edwin Hubble discovered that the stains from the nebula, that the universe evolved, and that the speed commensurate with the expansion or creation of the Big Bang. Mount Wilson Observatory becomes the primary observatory for 40 years. 



3. Palomar Observatory



Palomar telescope with 200-inch helps revolutionize modern astronomy – and modern baking. The mirror makers spent nearly $ 1 million – dollars in 1934 – and still can not make a big enough mirror quartz. George Ellery Hale, who led his Palomar as the creation of the Mt. Wilson asked for 200-inch mirror made from a new blend called Pyrex glass. The changes in temperature makes Pyrex expand and contract less than ordinary glass, Pyrex glass, so are less prone to distortion problems. 



2. Galileo’s Telescope



Galileo Galilei did not create the telescope, he might even not the first to use a telescope. But a powerful telescope design allows him to see farther than others. With the telescope in 1609, he examined the moon, discovered four moons of Jupiter, watching a supernova, discovered sunspots and verify the phases of Venus. He also condemned the heresy for advocating the heliocentric view of the universe. One of two remaining exhibition telescope Galileo continues to display this month for the first and only outside Italy, at the Franklin Institute in Philadelphia. 



1. Hubble Space Telescope



In the eventful 18 years, Hubble Space Telescope has lived up to its namesake, one of the biggest astronomers in history. For examples of Hubble’s discovery in the last 18 years: to determine the age of the universe, which verifies that the dark energy accelerating the expansion of the universe; take pictures of planets outside our solar system, and chemicals in their atmospheres. Hubble Service Mission 4, part of the STS-125 space shuttle mission scheduled for the next month. This will be the last time humans visited the orbital observatory, if the STS-125 is successful, Hubble astronomers hope will last 10 years. 

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