Thursday, June 2, 2011

10 most important historical finding

10 most important historical finding
10. Qin Shi Huang Terracotta Army 
A farmer in Xian Yang was appointed to the dewatering when he met with the Terracotta Army in 1947. The Army was cut by 700,000 forced laborers and was buried in the ground in front of the tomb of Qin Shi Huang to protect him in the afterlife. Qin Shi Huang was the very first emperor to unify China and it is so reviled for his tyranny as it is admired as a visionary. Tens of thousands of human and animal statues had been created in numerous pieces and then assembled, each is special. actual armor and weapons were used in the manufacture of the warriors,but had been stolen shortly afterthe creation of the tomb. Despitethe impressive discoveries in Xian,the tomb of the Emperor has not yet been discovered.

9. The Dead Sea Scrolls 
Dead Sea Scrolls are a collection of ancient, mostly Hebrew manuscripts had been discovered in various locations on the northwest coast of the Dead Sea.Between 825 and 870 distinct scrolls were discovered in 11 caves from 1947 to 1956. Most of the biblical texts and contain fragments of every Old Testament book except Esther, and the 1st known book of Isaiah and never before seen psalms attributed to King David and Joshua. The Scrolls are believed to be the library of a Jewish sect, written by the Essenes and hidden in caves near the First Jewish Revolt (66-70 AD).
8. The Royal Library of Ashurbanipal 
[s3]A collection of some 25,000 fragments of clay tablets, the Library of Ashurbanipal was discovered in the mid-19 th century by Austen Henry Layard in Mesopatamian city of Nineveh (in what is now Iraq). Ashurbanipal was the king of Assyria at the height of Assyrian military and cultural achievements, but beyond this he was a passionate collector of texts sent the scribes over his empire in search of additions to the library. The library itself was 1 of the largest of its time and contains approximately 1,200 texts. These texts consist of royal inscriptions,chronicles, mythological and religious texts, contracts, royal grants and decrees, royal letters,omens, incantations, hymns to a variety of gods and texts on medicine. In 612 a. C, Nineveh was destroyed by an alliance of the Babylonians, the Scythians, the Medes and the palace was burnt, thus preserving the clay tablets partially bake.

7. Tomb of Tutankhamun 
In November 1922, the British Egyptologist Howard Carter found a most intact tombs in the Valley of the Kings. Carter and his patron, the fifth Lord Carnarvon,had been seeking since Tut Theodore M. Davis found a number of funerary artifacts with his name on them in 1907. The tomb is believed to have been originally intended for an additional individual and became a royal tomb, due to the fact Tutankhamun died young, some even believe that was the tomb of 1 of Ankhesenamun, Nefertiti or Semenejkara. Tut¡¯s tomb is a burial chamber, a treasure, an annex and an antechamber, which is introduced by stairs and a sloping aisle. Containing a treasure of ancient Egyptian objects as statues, model boats, cars, and even two mummified fetuses are considered to be his dead kids.

6. Pompeii 
Pompeii was an ancient city that was founded in the 6th century BC by Oscan-speaking descendants of the Neolithic inhabitants of Campania, later coming under Greek, Etruscan , the Samnites and, finally, Roman control. As a Roman colony prospered as a port and tourist destination, the evidence can be found in the villages several temples, theaters and baths built throughout the city. Pompey also had an amphi theater, a forum and basilica and was property to about 20,000 citizens. In 63 AD an earthquake caused extensive damage to Pompeii and in the years that followed, attempts had been made to repair some of the damage. Then terror struck on 24 August 79 AD when the volcano Mount Vesuvius erupted and covered the city in ash and ash. Pompeii was discovered in 1599 by Domenico Fontana, whilst.he was working on a water project, but remained unexcavated until it was rediscovered in 1748 by the Spanish military engineer Rocque Joaqu¨ªn de Alcubierre.

5.The Cave of Lascaux 

A huge complex of caves in south wester France, Lascaux is finest known for his paintings of the Paleolithic. The Lascaux cave was discovered by four teenagers, Marcel Ravidat, Jacques Marsal, Georges Agnel and Simon Coencas September 12,1940. There are about 2,000 images of animals, humans and abstract signs in the cave. The animals had been painted include deer, cattle, bison, cats, a bird, arhino and a bear. Lascaux not appear to have been occupied, but frequently visited only for the purposes of painting. In 1948 Lascaux was open to the public, but the number of every day visitors to the cave had been changing the atmosphere inside the cave so it was closed in 1963 and 20 years later, an exact replica, Lascaux II opened its doors. Now a days the cave is under attack by a series of molds, fungi and bacteria threatens to wipe this valuable work of pre-historic art.

4. Peking Man
Peking Man was a unknown species of pre historic man discovered by the Canadian anatomist Davidson Black in a cave in Zhoukoudian, China, in 1927. Between then and 1937, 14 partial skulls, 11 lower jaws, quite a few teeth and bones had been discovered on the web site. It is believed that the cave was residence to about 45 people. From extensive studies of the remains made by Black and his predecessor German anatomist Franz Weidenreich, we know that Peking Man stood erect, make stone tools, understood as the use of fire, had a heavy brow and significant teeth. In 1941, as sent to the United States for safety throughout World War II, the original fossils disappeared and have not yet been discovered.

3. Rosetta Stone 
Rosetta Stone is a black basalt stele which dates back to 196 BC. A decree honoring Egyptian King Ptolemy V is carved in stone. The stone had originally been displayed in a temple and later moved and employed as construction material in a fort in the town of Rashid (Rosetta). It was discovered there by Captain Pierre-Fran0Š4ois Bouchard, July 15, 1799, through out Napoleon¡¯s campaign in Egypt. Attempts to decipher that first made by Thomas Young,who translated the Demotic text,and by the French Egyptologist Jean Francois Champollion, who is typically recognized as the translator of the Rosetta Stone. Champollion used Coptic language to recognize that the hieroglyphs was a spoken language, not just symbols.

2. Behistun rock
Discovered by the Englishman Robert Sherley in 1598 during a diplomatic mission to Persia, Behistun Rock multilingual inscription written by Darius the Great. Like the Rosetta stone, the rock of the same passage Behistun includes 3 cuneiform script languages: Old Persian, Elamite and Babylonian. The text has been translated by Georg Friedrich Grotefend stages (Old Persian), Sir Henry Rawlinson, Edward Hincks, Julius Oppert, William Henry Fox Talbot and Edwin Norris.

1. Olduvai Gorge 
ancient lake basin in northern Tanzania, Olduvai Gorge has yielded the remains of much more than 60 hominids, and the 1st two traditions of stone tools discovered (Oldowan and Acheulean). The gorge was discovered by the German entomologist Wilhelm Kattwinkel in 1911 when she fell even though chasing a butterfly. This inspired Hans Reck to lead an expedition in 1913, but his work was terminated by World War I. Olduvaiex cavations started in 1931 by Lois Leakey and his wife Mary. 3 diverse species of hominids have been discovered at Olduvai in recent years, including Australopithecus boisei, Homo habilis and Homo erectus. Animal remains have also been discovered on the site, which includes huge antelopes, elephants, rabbits, guinea fowl, giraffe and hipparions.

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