Thursday, July 7, 2011

T. Madhava Rao:A maharashtrian who saved travancore wealth

T. Madhava Rao:A maharashtrian who saved travancore wealth 

Diwan of Baroda In office May 10, 1875-1882
Maharaja Sayajirao Gaekwad III

Preceded by Dadabhai Naoroji

Succeeded by
Kazi Shahabuddin

Diwan of Indore office 1873- 1875
Monarch Tukojirao Holkar II
Succeeded by R. Raghunatha Rao

Dewan of Travancore In office 1857-May 1872

Uthram Thirunal , Ayilyam Thirunal

Preceded by Krishna Rao

Succeeded by A. Seshayya Sastri

Personal details 

Born 1828 Kumbakonam , Madras Presidency , British India


April 4, 1891 Mylapore , Madras , British India

T. Ranga Rao (father) Children T. Ananda Rao Alma mater Madras University


lawyer ,
Administrator Profession Statesman


Raja Sir Tanjore Madhava Rao(c. 1828 - d. April 4, 1891), also known as Sir Madhava Rao Thanjavurkar , was an Indian civil servant , administrator and politician who served as the Diwan of Travancore from 1857 to 1872, Indore from 1873 to 1875 and Baroda from 1875 to 1882. He was the nephew of the former Diwan of Travancore T. Venkata Rao and the son of another Ranga Rao .

Madhava Rao was born in a Thanjavur Marathi family of Kumbakonam in the year 1828 and had his education in Madras . After serving for two years in the Madras civil service, MadhavaRao was appointed tutor to the princes of Travancore. Impressed with his performance, Madhava Rao was transferred to the Revenue Department in which herose step by step to become Diwan in 1857.

Madhava Rao served as Diwan of Travancore from 1857 to 1872 bringing about developments in education , legislation , public works , medicine , vaccination and public health and agriculture . He was also responsible for clearing Travancore's public debts. Madhava Rao quit as Diwan of Travancore and returned to Madras in 1872. He served as Diwan of Indore from 1873 to 1875 and as Diwan of Baroda from 1875 to 1882. In his later life, Madhava Rao actively participated in politics and was one of the early pioneers of the Indian National Congress . Madhava Rao died in 1891 in Mylapore , Madras at the age of 63.

Madhava Rao was respected and regarded for his administrative abilities. British Liberal statesman Henry Fawcett called him the Turgot of India. In 1866, he was made a Knight Commander of the Order of the Star of India .

Madhava Rao with (from left) the heir-apparent Visakham Thirunal and the Maharaja of Travancore, Ayilyam Thirunal

At that time the entire administration of the state was in a disorganized state, public treasuries were empty and large arrears of payments in way of salaries and otherwise were pending. The Maharajah had already taken a loan from the Sri Padmanabhaswamy Temple of Trivandrum and adding the subsidy to be paid to the British Government, the state of affairs was bad enough to deter anyonefrom taking up the post of Dewan. Soon after Madhava Rao's appointment the Shanar agitations took place in Travancore which added to the problems of the state.

In 1860 however, the orthodox Maharajah died and Madhava Rao's own pupil, the late Maharajah's nephew, Ayilyam Thirunal succeeded. Under the new and relatively less orthodox Maharajah Madhava Rao's administration started its progress. Monopolies, numerous petty taxes and cessations were abolished and land tax was reduced. By 1863 the debts of the Travancore Government werecleared and the Dewan proudly declared that Travancore has no public debt now. Salaries of public servants were raised by more than 50 percent and its morale and efficiency was improved. Madhava Rao's progressive financial measures were testified by the fact that when he assumed the office of Dewan he had an indebted and empty treasury where as when he left the state in 1872 the state had a reserve fund of forty lakhs of rupees, a great amount in those days.

While Madhava Rao is described essentially as a financier, he also brought a great deal of development in Education, legislation, public works, medicine, vaccination and publichealth, agriculture etc. Year after year his work was commended by the Madras Government. He also drew up State papers on special subjects such as Boundary disputes, trade reportsand so on and started maintaining records of every department. In recognition of his services, by public subscription, a bronze statue of Madhava Rao was erected in Travancore.

However due to misunderstandings which arose between the Dewan and the Maharajah, Madhava Rao retired in February 1872. The Maharajah,however, respected his work andgranted him a pension of Rs. 1000, a princely amount in thosedays. His initial plan was to retire to Madras but instead there was great demand for his services among the Princes of India, because of his having secured for Travancore the appellation of Model State of India by the British Government. Henry Fawcett described, on hearing of his retirement in 1872, Madhava Rao as: Sir

Madhava Rao administered Travancore with somuch skill as justly to entitle him to be considered the Turgot of India.. He found Travancore when he went there in 1858 in the lowest state of degradation. He has left it a Model State.. 

DUE TO T.MADHAVRAO'S INTELLIGENCE Travncore was so much developed and he made a pact with dalhaussi british govt because of that british never touched travncore temple n it remained hidden for decades. . .even kerala's parliment is developed by him,initially all travncore s developed by him



No comments:

Post a Comment